Thyroid Cancer Institute, Kiev Nila Bandarenko form Zhytomir has her third operation of the thyroid gland. Surgeon Kommissarenko says after her second operation microscopic particles of the cancer got into her blood vessels and the cancer started growing there? Bandarenko also has kidney cancer.. The Ukraine has had an explosion of thyroid cancer. At the institute of Endocrinology doctors saw a sharp increase three to four years after Chernobyl. First mainly children were diagnosed; now the majority are adult women.